Saturday, March 1, 2014

Water Treatment For Residential Areas

Most of the residences get heir supply of water from municipal systems of water. A few of the homes use private water sources for their water. If you are using a private well or other private source that is not a public water supply, you are responsible for maintaining clean and safe water for your family to use. These private water sources are not regulated by the state and local standards that are applied to the municipal water sources.

The problems that you can face as an owner of a private will can be very big. Most of the things that you will find in well water are natural for the water and do not usually because any health concerns. You can, however, find some toxins that have been introduced into the water supply that can be dangerous to drink and also for humans to use. To make sure that your family is safe from the contain microorganisms in the water you drink, you will need to provide them with a water treatment system for residential use.

What does a residential water treatment system do?

A water treatment system that is designed for residential use completes a process of ridding your water of contaminants that it may have in it and thereby making it safe for drinking by you and your family.

Each of the water treatment systems for use in residences vary greatly. Some only get rid of certain substances in the water. Other systems can only provide relief from problems like hard water and does nothing to get rid of the toxic contaminants in the water.

Installation of these residential water treatment systems are also each different than the other. When you are talking about the installation of these water treatment systems you are coming into two different categories. They are the point of entry and the point of use device. The two vary by the amount of protection they give each home from contaminants.

The point of entry device treats all the water that is coming into the home. This gives each faucet clean water that is ready to be used. The point of use device focuses on the water that is flowing from one faucet only.

How To Buy Residential Water Treatment Equipment

When you are in the market to purchase a residential water treatment system, you will need to find out exactly what is in your water so you will be able to find the right equipment to remove those things.

You may have a hard water problem. Your water is full of high amounts of minerals like magnesium and calcium. Hard water will make it very difficult to wash clothes. The chemicals also create deposits on your pipes that will cause the water flow to be reduced. You will need to provide your home with a water treatment system that will deal with this problem only.

Your private well might be close to a sewage or disposal area like a septic tank. You might be concerned that the contamination from this area may cause your water to be unhealthy. Some of the waste from this area could go into your drinking water. You will need to focus on the main issue and that is to rid the water of microbial contamination. You will want to purchase a water treatment system for residences that will remove bacteria, fungus, parasites, and viruses.

Thursday, February 27, 2014

Treatment Processes For Sewage Water

When you hear the word sewage, you think of the nasty and contaminated water that would not even be considered safe or clean for humans to drink or to use for anything. If the sewage water is not cleaned before it is gotten rid of, the environment could suffer from it. These are the reasons for sewage water treatment processes in the sewage systems.

What Is The Treatment For Sewage Water?

We all know that sewage water treatment is a process for cleaning the water but, we want to know about that process and the purpose behind it.

Treating sewage water is a method that is used to take the contaminants in the water out. The contaminants that are removed will be anything from human waste solids to chemicals and biological that is in the water.

When the water goes through the sewage treatment methods, the waste water is changed into two different types of waste that is much safer to get rid of and to recycle for the environment. Those two wastes are solid waste, known as sludge, or waste stream, known as treated effluent.

Where Does The Sewage Water Come From?

The water from the sewage is made from many things. Homes and commercial and industrial business contribute tot he sewage also. The best way for you to get an example of the sewage water is to think about your septic tank. Sewage water is also made from onsite package plants and water treatment systems that are constantly moving.

The fact of the matter is that the sewage water may contain very dangerous and toxic substances and it will need to be cleaned. This water that comes from industrial companies is especially susceptible to toxins. A system for treatment of the sewage water may be added close to the reason for the sewage water or can also be put in farther away and only travel through a maze of pipes or pumping stations to the plant for treatment.

Treating The Water from sewage

The average process for treating sewage water has three stages to it. They are the primary, secondary, and tertiary treatment stages. Listed below are each one and the information on how they help the process for treating sewage water.

The First Stage

The primary stage is the first of the three to be completed. It hands the solid waste and removing it from the water. Solid waste may be oil, grease, fat, sand, grit, and course solid material. The primary stage involves four other smaller stages. They are:

1. The removal of influx or influent

2. The removal of the sand and grit

3. The pumping out of the raw sewage

4. Sedimentation

The Second Phase

The secondary stage involves the part of the process for treating the sewage water that gets rid of any solid waste that may be smaller than what the first phase can handle. This phase also concentrates on the biologics found in the sewage water and having them to degrade. This biological would include waste from humans, waste from food, detergent and soap.

The Final Phase

The tertiary phase is the last stage in the sewage water treatment process. It is definitely harder to complete than the first two parts. It will involve the following methods:

1. Water filtration

2. Lagooning the water

3. Making or utilizing wetlands

4. Removing the nutrients

5. Removing the phosphorous

6. Water disinfection

Chlorine Dioxide for Water Treatment

Now nearing its 200th birthday, the use of chlorine dioxide has been developed and honed over the years and it's widespread in water treatment industry. In industrial water treatment, it's main use is as a primary or secondary biocide in drinking water treatment. Where a water supply contains traces of organic contaminants, ClO2's selective oxidation of organics (without chlorination) reduces the taste and smell problems caused by disinfecting the water. By comparison, conventional chlorine treatment creates that classical swimming pool odour when it reacts with organic contaminants. An indication of the many potential uses of this widely used gas is gained from the US EPA list of approved use applications:

  • Industrial Cooling Water Treatment, Heat Transfer Systems (Evaporative Condensers, Dairy Sweetwater Systems, Hydrostatic Sterilizers and Retorts, Coolers, Warmers and Bottling Plants), Service Water, and Auxiliary Water Systems: For control of bacterial slime and algae in industrial recirculating and one-pass cooling systems.
  • Food Plant Process Water Treatment: For odor and microbial control in typical food processing water systems such as flume transport, chill water systems, and hydrocoolers.
  • Controlling Microbial Population In Poultry Processing Plant Waters in Federally Inspected Plants:
  • Public Water Systems: As both an oxidant and a disinfectant in drinking water treatment under 40CFR141.
  • Aqueous Systems For CIP Cleaning: As an antimicrobial agent in the recirculating cleaning solution.
  • Bacterial Slime Control in Paper Mills: In controlling microbiological growth in white water paper mill systems. to maintain control.
  • Mollusk Control in Water Systems: For mollusk control in commercial and industrial recirculating and one-pass cooling water systems.
  • Wastewater Treatment: As an oxidant in wastewater treatment.

Chlorine dioxide is particularly effective in controlling legionella bacteria, the cause of Legionnaires Disease.

  • It controls biofilm which can harbour legionella and protect them from the effects of other biocides.
  • It has a broad spectrum of activity against a wide range of micro-organisms in water at a pH between 4 and 10, whereas traditional biocides like chlorine and bromine start to lose effectiveness at pH >7.5 and >8.5 respectively.
  • It controls amoebae which have been shown to be a source of legionella.

The use of chlorine dioxide in these industrial water applications has been inhibited by the need to produce it "on site". Chlorine dioxide generators are often unreliable and difficult to control in applications where small quantities of chlorine dioxide are required intermittently such as a cooling tower or domestic building H&C system or a food washing line.

Wednesday, February 26, 2014

The Best Water Treatment System

Water is undoubtedly the purest substance in the world capable of curing a host of illnesses. But because it is pure it can be contaminated very easily. This brings us to the point of a carefully designed water treatment system for your home or business premises. With the best system in place you can clean out harmful impurities with the potential to cause illness, and even death.

You can have two types of treatment systems installed, depending of course on what exactly you need purification for. Let us say you have a well you would like to protect from contamination. In this instance you ought to have a system that incorporates at least two different systems. The first entails having a kinetic degradation fluxion method of water filtration.

With this method you remove large sediments that are visible with the naked eye, as well as those that are microscopic. A combined process incorporating a combination f zinc and copper helps to remove dangerous electrons that may be trapped in water. In addition to eliminating these microbiological contaminants are also rendered harmless.

But this purification process is not going to be enough as it does not remove those other impurities that are not removed with the kinetic process mentioned above. Therefore the granular activated carbon filter will do you more good than you can imagine. Using a film of bituminous coal the microscopic impurities are filtered out of you drinking water, thereby eliminating heavy metal contaminants and pesticides.

When it comes to tap water an entirely different purification method is implemented. Without even investing a lot of money in an in-built filtration system you could boil the water before drinking it. Boiling has the benefit of killing bacteria and pathogens that can quit easily form a part of water. This is preferable for particular instances when you store water for drinking in the fridge.

So before placing your water in storage bottles just boil it in a kettle before hand. However, boiling water is not really good enough. It is for this reason that you should actually use the distilling method. When you distill water you actually make use of the water vapor that you get when boiling water. So once it has condensed it will be safe for drinking, a lot safer than just boiling it.

On top of this you can also use reverse osmosis, a process that involves passing water through a semi-permeable membrane. Such a membrane extracts the microscopic particles in water, but it is not always safe. With time the membrane can deteriorate in quality, resulting in harmful pathogens remaining in water.

Tuesday, February 25, 2014

Water Treatment Plant Design - Importance of Water Softening Plant

Water treatment plant design is directly synonymous with the method or step of treating or filtering water. This is mainly done to lessen the chances of contamination or reduce the scope of any germ build-up. There are certain vital steps that are taken to ensure the purity of it better known as mineral water. This water is again packed into bottles made of superior quality and high-grade reliable plastic variety. Water is packaged into the bottles only after making it suitable for drinking the various purification and filtration process that takes place in the water softening plant.

It is made such that there is no chance of germs or water-borne diseases inorder to ensure the safety of such drinking water form. This water should be made hygienic enough and appropriate for drinking containing all the beneficial minerals. Packaged drinking water also known as mineral water is now being considered a preferable choice among most buyers. This kind of water is best suited for those who are prone to diseases carried through water and provides much guarantee on the safety or purity

There are a lot of mineral water brands which manufacture such packaged drinking water in pet bottles. These bottles are further priced affordably and reasonably to cater to all sections of buyers. Water softening plant takes the help of various processes enabled in the Water treatment plant design to make it suitable for different kinds of industrial purpose. This kind of treatment will help in facilitating the varied processes for treating water and making it apt for drinking. It is later packaged by different manufacturing brands and labels after conforming to the stringent set standard norms or regulations. These pet bottles are sealed in tightly with a bottle cap to secure the safety of the present water inside the bottle.

These are manufactured in keeping with the client or consumer needs. It is best to avoid buying a bottle with an open seal because such seal is enough proof of the fact that the water inside the bottle has been tampered with or contaminated. It is also necessary for preventing any kind of damage or leak caused to the bottle. All kinds of water treatment process are used for distillation and filtration of impure water and those present in the natural environment or in the surrounding water bodies. This will further help in reducing the pollution levels and thereby maintain the ecological balance.

Some of these treatments are also used for distilling and filtering the water of polluted lakes, ponds, lagoons, sludge and thereby keeping intact the natural equilibrium. This water is purified such that it is free and devoid of any impurity, life risking chemicals or chemical substances. This is mainly done to remove the solid impurities or substances present in the water alongside bacteria, fungi, algae and fertilizers. This mineral water is later packaged and processed for the sale of such bottles.

Sunday, February 23, 2014

Why Home Water Treatment Systems Are Necessary

With the increasing levels of environmental pollution this planet is experiencing, people have started to take more seriously their habits in an attempt to minimize the risk of being dangerously affected by all the harmful elements that are present everywhere.

Pollution is all around and perhaps the most dangerous form of pollution is water contamination, for we may be constantly exposed to it without even knowing we are.

Water contamination is even worst than air contamination, because air eventually cleans itself thanks to the action of the trees, so reducing gas emissions to an acceptable level will eventually improve the quality of the air we breathe.

However, water pollution is a different thing: once water has been contaminated, the only way to clean it is to take active part in the process; there's no tree that can help us with water purification. This is where home water treatment systems come to play.

The goal of home water treatment systems is to remove all the toxins and other contaminants from water to ensure maximum purity, ideally preserving the benefits that are naturally present in water. There are many water treatment products that claim to be effective, however this degree of effectiveness is sometimes diffuse.

This is a major problem, because choosing the wrong home water treatment system is a sure way to be exposed to unwanted organic and/or inorganic poisons that can be very dangerous.

Luckily, there are many companies as well as concerned individuals that have realized the problems of choosing the wrong water treatment product, and have shared a lot of trustable information with the rest of us so we can be sure about what home water treatment system is best for us.

Basically, there are two main types of water contaminants: organic contaminants (those which come from something that is or was alive, like bacteria, fungus, microscopic plants, etc) and inorganic contaminants (minerals and chemicals, like heavy metals, chloride, etc). The effectiveness of a water treatment product is directly related to its ability to deal with these contaminants.

Most people agree that chemical water treatment products are not good for two main reasons: first, they only deal with living organic contaminants (i.e. 2 drops of bleach per litre of water acts as a disinfectant) without taking care of toxic chemicals and metals, and second, the use of such water treatment products actually increase the amount of toxicity in the water. So, a non-chemical home water treatment system is the best.

These systems are based on filtering, and there are mainly three types: steam filtering, reverse osmosis filtering, and activated carbon filtering. While steam filtering eliminates all the heavy metals and most the organic contaminants in water, there are some chemicals that are not separated from it even when it's in steam form, and subsequently they are not stopped by this type of filters.

Additionally, some living entities are capable of resisting high temperatures, so they are not eliminated. On the other hand, reverse osmosis effectively distillates water, which means it makes it extremely pure, but the process also eliminates good minerals that a healthy body needs, like calcium and potassium.

The best home water treatment systems use activated carbon filters, which have the unique property of retaining the harmful organic and inorganic contaminants, while letting the good minerals pass through. For this reason, most people around the world recommend activated carbon filters.

Home water treatment systems are necessary to protect your family and yourself from the perils of polluted water, and those systems using activated carbon filters are the best ones around. Don't wait until it's too late, choose and get a good home water treatment system now. Your family's health depends on you, don't turn them down.

You can read more about water filtration systems by visiting my website below.

The Public Water Treatment Process Can Be Improved With A Home Water Purifier

The public water treatment process is not perfect. When the processes used by the facilities are added to the steps available for use in the home, the result can be nearly perfect. 99% of most contaminants can effectively be removed.

It is possible to measure the effectiveness of filtration steps by adding a known amount of contaminant to a sample and then running it through the filter. The number of contaminants remaining in the filtered sample is again measured.

It is possible to remove 99% or more of contaminants like chlorine, lead, cysts, THMs, benzene and lindane. Independent laboratories like Underwriter's conduct that kind of testing at the request of companies that manufacture home filters. Not all companies request testing.

The first thing to consider when comparing the filters currently on the market is whether or not the claims have been certified. Manufacturers of home filters are not required to have their claims certified in most states. Only the better companies have testing done to certify their claims, because testing is expensive. So, buying a cheap filter is probably not your best choice.

The main reason the public water treatment process is imperfect has to do with size and output. The volume of water they need to treat is very large. The output or flow rate must be very high.

In the home, you are treating a small fraction of what your facility handles every day. You can handle a lower output even in the shower, if the pressure is high enough.

The flow rate must be reduced in order to ensure that each drop is cleaned. Dual filtration compartments are sometimes used by companies to make doubly sure that every drop is cleaned. The final compartment may include a carbon block with tiny holes less than one micron in size. That step is designed to remove the maximum amount of chemical contaminants and strain out cysts.

Your local water treatment process protects you from most bacteria, viruses and other pathogens except in the cause of flooding or a line break. In those emergencies, your facility will notify you. They might advise you to boil before drinking. One of the things that home filters cannot do is treat biological contaminants other than cysts, regardless of how much it costs or the steps included.

Some believe that the public water treatment process could be improved. With new innovations or technology that may be possible. But, right now, we need home filters in order to get the maximum protection.