Monday, February 17, 2014

Modern Industrial Water Treatment Plants

Water as we all know is a very precious natural resource. One can stay about a month without food, but it's hard to survive for a week without water. This invaluable liquid constitutes about 60% of our body mass, 70% of our brain, and 80% of our blood. Although it covers one-third portion of our planet, only 3% is fresh water, and out of that only 1% is readily accessible for human use. One can make out from these facts and figures, how critical resource this water is. In this context, water needs to be conserved and more significantly recycled or treated. It's not feasible to use less than usual quantity of water because it is required for both domestic and commercial or industrial activities. So, the practicable approach is to treat or purify it for reuse, and here comes the role of modern industrial water treatment plants. The contemporary and advanced water treatment plants that are available nowadays, thoroughly purifies the water by removing undesirable chemicals, materials, and biological contaminants from it. This water may come from sources like households, factories, business houses, etc. The modern water filtration plants are so designed that they purify the contaminants and retain the natural properties of water. A few out of these sophisticated water treatment equipment are as mentioned under: 1) Mobile Water Treatment System: This system is fitted on a mobile trailer with all the necessary water purification apparatus. Its benefit is that it can be taken to the application area with no delay. This system is appropriate for treating both surface and groundwater. It is a high performance and high efficiency equipment. Its primary types include mobile reverse osmosis system, mobile waste-water treatment system, and mobile drinking water treatment. 2) Surface Water Treatment System: This system or plant is used for filtering the downstream water, purification of water supply by municipal corporations, and so. This system is capable enough to free the water from any kind of suspended solid, colloidal matter, organics, iron manganese, etc. The primary components of this system include filters, chlorination equipment, and chemical feed system. 3) Bottled Water Treatment Plant: This plant is also known as drinking water treatment plant. It is one of the most significant types of plants as the water purified by it is directly used for drinking purpose. This plant not only filters the water, but also provides the facility of packing it in plastic bottles for selling purpose. 4) Swimming Pool Water Treating Plant: As the name suggests this plant is meant for decontaminating the water of swimming pool. Due to regular presence of human beings in the pool, microorganisms develop in them. This contaminates the water of the swimming pool and may cause several diseases. But, the swimming pool water treating plant eradicates all types of impurities. 5) Seawater Desalination Plants: Seawater desalination plant is designed to desalinate or remove salt from the sea water. As was said in the aforementioned sentence, there is abundant of water on the earth, but only a scarce amount is fresh or drinking water. This plant plays a vital role by transforming the raw and salty sea-water into treated and pure drinking water. This system primarily makes use of two methods for purifying the sea water, i.e., distillation and electro-dialysis (ion exchange).