Wednesday, November 20, 2013

Significance and Types of Water Treatment Plants

Water, a natural and essential resource is undoubtedly the most indispensable part of our lives. Though it is pure by nature, the purity of water is diminished with the contamination of various sources such as chemicals, pollutants and several organic materials. It thus becomes unfit for drinking or other useful purposes.

The use of water treatment plant is one among different methodologies invented by mankind to save this precious natural resource from being depleted. Water is treated to make it suitable for human consumption through various processes. The growing rate of population has led to the consequent reduction in the availability of this natural resource. Recycling is one of the best methods to meet the growing needs of the people.

Water Treatment Plant- Types and Uses

There are different types of water treatment plants which use various types of equipments to purify water from pollution, chemicals and so forth. Chlorination, coagulation, disinfection, sedimentation and filtration are some of the most common processes undergone in such purifying plants.

Packaged water treatment plant: These plants are used to purify and reduce the COD levels in the water. Different processes are used in these plants which include precipitation, coagulation, ion exchange and reverse osmosis. These plants are widely used for separating suspended solids from river and lake water.

Ozone based plants: One of the most widely used plants for treating pool water. The ozone based plants use ozone to disinfect the water and it requires no other variety of chemicals for purification.

Waste water treatment plant: The waste water which is collected from industries, homes and other places are treated in the waste water plants for reuse. This is one of the most effective methods of reusing the natural resource. Various kinds of pollutants such as biological, physical and radioactive elements are removed from water to make it usable again.

Bottle water treatment plant: The use of bottled water has increased manifold during the past several years. Today millions of people all over the world rely in the availability of pure drinking water which is packaged and bottled. This water is treated in specific plants before it is packed in bottles.

Mobile plants: These treatment plants are ideal for treating water during certain calamities or emergencies. It can also be used as a mobile unit for the requirement of army regiment units. The mobile treatment plant is usually an extension of an existing plant in some area. It can be used for treating ground and surface water.

Compact water treatment plant: Another most effective treatment plants for treating ground water is the compact plant. It is considered to be more economical and can be used to purify water on the spot. The compact plants can also filter even the smallest particles in water.

The need and use of water treatment plant has been escalating ever since the growth of population and industries. Though our planet is surrounded by 70 percent of water, only one percent of water can be used for drinking purposes. It is important to conserve this natural resource from depletion.