Saturday, January 4, 2014

Industrial Water Treatment - Objectives, Classifications and Applications

Industrial water treatment is a means to optimize industrial processes that are dependent on water consumption. Examples of these industries include cooling, heating, processing, rinsing and cleaning. This technique is employed in order to reduce not only operating costs but also to lessen the risks linked to contaminated water systems.

There are different objectives behind industrial waste water treatment equipment. Primarily it focuses on areas of scaling, corrosion, disposal of wastewater and microbiological activity. Alongside these objectives are different classifications for water treatment. Below are explanations for these subject matters on this industrial product.

Objectives of systems for treating industrial water

As mentioned awhile back, the objectives of treating water revolve around four areas. The first one on the list is scaling or the process caused by the precipitation of water mineral salts that result to solid deposit formation. The second one is corrosion which is often a problem taking place once metal is oxidized and forms into iron rusts.

The last two areas evolve on microbiological activities and disposal of wastewater. Microbes are often a problem especially in cold water systems. They often thrive in untreated areas and come in the form of flies, fungal spores, grass and dust. When it comes to disposal of wastewater, the main focus of attention is to provide a means to comply with wastewater treatment as required by the community. This is often dealt with in petroleum refineries and chemical plants.

Classifications of industrial water treatment systems

Water treatment for several industries is classified into three. Each of these treatment facilities has its own set of applications. The categories are boiler, cooling water and wastewater treatment.

A boiler water treatment makes use of a vessel to heat and treat water. It is essential in heating applications including those for domestic use and generators. It also provides steam for boats, trains and ships. The boiler helps transfer energy from fuel to the water before it serves its purpose.

The cooling water system on the other hand, makes use of cooling towers. These are devices that make use of heat removal processes. They employ water evaporation to remove heat from the system then cool it down to become a working fluid. This is important in oil refineries, power stations and chemical plants.

Lastly, wastewater treatment is a system that is utilized in various industries as well as in domestic residences. This is an industrial water treatment that aims at the removal of waste materials discharged by commercial properties and agricultural systems. With the correct processes employed, the objective of the water treatment system can be achieved.